Borobudur is a UNESCO world heritage site. The splendor of Borobudur will make everyone amazed. However, do you know how Borobudur was built and teachings in it?
Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple built in the 8th century by King Samaratungga Sailendra dynasty. Borobudur temple is located in Magelang, or about 40 km from Yogyakarta. For the traveler, Borobudur is an interesting attraction and unique. Besides admiring the architecture, Borobudur is a perfect place to see the sunrise and sunset.
Borobudur temple built on a hill and has a 123 x 123 square meters. With a total of 34.5 meter high temple, do not be surprised if Borobudur selected as world heritage by UNESCO. This temple has 1 main stupa, stupas overlay 72 and 504 Buddha statues. In addition, there are thousands of reliefs that are arranged in panels in Borobudur temple, which depicts the story, religion, or the history of the past.
Borobudur has 10 levels and 3 levels of Buddhist teachings. The three levels namely, the first level is Kamadhatu or ‘world lust’. At this stage people are still influenced by the desires and negative things. The second level is Rupadhatu or ‘world is formed’, which means that humans have been able to control himself from all desires. The last level, Arudaphatu or a world without form, meaning, man is no longer pursuing human desires.
That said, Borobudur was built for over 50 years! The architect who designed it was Gunadharma. It takes more than 2 million blocks of volcanic rock to build the temple of Borobudur. Stones, which were taken from the river around the Borobudur Temple. Interestingly, at that time they did not use glue, cement, or the like. Interesting technique to lock into a sticky rocks and hold for centuries are ‘Key L’.
Consider any foothold at Borobudur. The rock is not shaped like a structured ceramic boxes. However, the rock forming the letter ‘L’. An incredible method that has been discovered centuries ago.
Land as Borobudur foundation is divided into two, namely the local soil and artificial soil. Making artificial soil adjusted to the shape of the temple. Calculations every inch of the temple’s construction was done correctly and accurately. Therefore, Gunadharma regarded as a reliable architect and physicist of genius.
Some say, the manufacture of Borobudur aided by aliens. However, the manufacture of Borobudur is more directed to the amazing science. Borobudur manufacturing technology in the past, be evidence of how great this nation.
Please visit Borobudur Temple, to see the beauty, the teachings in it, as well as studying the perfection of form of the building.